Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar levels to become too high. Diabetes can cause long term damage to the body, and these effects of the condition are commonly referred to as diabetic complications.
What causes diabetes?
The amount of sugar in the blood is usually controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is produced by the pancreas (a gland behind the stomach). When food is digested and enters your bloodstream, insulin moves glucose out of the blood and into cells, where it is broken down to produce energy. However, if you have diabetes, your body is unable to break down glucose into energy. This is because there is either not enough insulin to move the glucose, or the insulin produced does not work properly.